Kurt von Fritzescreve, depois de identificar os significados dos termos nousnoein (grosso modo, “pensamento”) em Homero e Hesíodo:

It is very interesting to observe how, in these cases, concepts which later were to play an important role in the beginnings of a philosophical theory of knowledge and a scientific psychology are already developed in a naïve way out of the problems and observations of everyday life and in connection with speculations which in a way may be called “philosophical” but which are certainly very remote from any conscious theory of knowledge or scientific psychology.

With the rise of philosophical speculation in the narrower sense, common language and philosophical terminology gradually begin to develop on different lines. Though it would be interesting to observe the interrelations which in the beggining are naturally still very close and never cease altogether, it seems preferable, for the sake of clarity, from now on to follow the two trends separately.

O caminho que o autor não persegue mantém, é claro, seu interesse: um estudo histórico e/ou filósofico poderia analisar essas “interrelações” entre a terminologia filósofica e a fala de então, encontrável na literatura ou em outras fontes.


“Nous, Noein, and their Derivatives in Pre-Socratic Philosophy (Excluding Anaxagoras)”, p. 29. Publicado em The Pre-Socratics – A Collection of Critical Essays, volume organizado por Alexander P.D. Mourelatos.


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